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Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 1

Attention Deficiency Disorder

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Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 2

Loss of concentration, problem with sitting still, find yourself causing frequent interruptions to
someone`s speech or conversation and doing things without having thought through them; these
are signs of a psychological condition called ADD (Attention Deficient Disorder). People often
find themselves possessing these symptoms without their knowledge. The disease does not show
signs that are physically visible and this makes detection difficult. Major symptoms usually
bypass physical or psychological disorders. Causes of the disease are largely unknown and
continuous studies are always conducted time to time. Disease has been around longer than what
most people think or imagine. Disease is also known by another name of hyperkinetic disorder.
Hippocrates a group of people who lived in the period 400-300 BC are seen to have suffered
from a similar disease. Term ADD, was officially introduced to people in the year 1980 and
documented in medical journals. Types of ADD conditions are: hyperactive-impulsive, inactive
type and last but not least a combination of the stated two. Disease first occurs in childhood but
adults can also fall victims. Symptoms should be detected and addressed early to avert major
problems in future. Treatment is within reach and this helps to reassure patients. Psychiatric
treatment is a primary intervention to contain disease. (Barkley and Murphy, 2005)
Main symptoms are: problems paying attention to particular matters, hyperactivity and
impulsivity. Symptoms of the disease develop over months. Impulsiveness or hyperactivity is the
first visible sign followed later by attention problems. Inactivity can be viewed as normal in
some children and goes unnoticed. Passive children may be regarded as unmotivated or at times
said to be having problems with discipline. Diagnosis for the illness can be well treated if
detected before the age of twelve years. Home, the workplace or public gatherings are some of
the places a patient can be noted to have the disease, their interaction pattern. Hyperactive people

Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 3

always attract attention and praise; people wrongfully view them as energetic individuals. They
touch and want to be everywhere at same time. Adults or a number of teenagers fall under this
category. People who suffer impulsiveness never seem to be able to control their actions. They
are greatly emotive and frequently burst out, making unwelcomed comments. They also lack
patience and are unable to wait for the things they want. People with the disorder want to do
things offering immediate satisfaction only to them. They always portray signs of impatience like
fidgeting or tapping feet in anticipation. An inattentive patient has problems focusing; they want
to perform several tasks at a go. They only settle down when they are performing a task of great
interest to them. Patients also appear to be daydreaming most of the time. They fair better than
hyperactive or impulsive counterparts when it comes to relating to people. Children with the
disorder are most of the time are careless; they lose schooling items very often. They lose focus
at play or other engaging activities in school. Victims do not seem to listen when spoken to.
Disorderly when tasked to do something. Sights or an even sound easily carries them away. Do
not strictly follow given instructions, they deviate. They misplace tools for performing tasks
often. They avoid mentally engaging tasks. Forget easily about assignments given or
appointments to be honored. (Barkley and Murphy, 2005)
ADD usually occurs concurrently with other forms of mental disorders, for example the learning
disorder. Twenty percent or more of children have learning disabilities. Kindergarten going
children may have difficulty getting sounds or pronunciation of words correct. Children with this
problem can only learn efficiently once proper treatment is administered to them. Tourette
syndrome, neurological disorder is also a symptom suffered. Appears in childhood and is
characterized by nervousness. Symptom is ably controlled by medication. The symptom is rare

Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 4

among ADD patients. Defiant behavior causes a patient to be hostile to people around him or
her. Interferes with childrens ability to study. Conduct disorder, is condition related to the disease. A person exhibits an overly aggressive nature and behavior. Children having this, tend to have the urge to indulge in misuse of drugs and need to be closely monitored. Children struggle very much with anxiety or depression but effective treatment can improve and build up a childs confidence. Bipolar disorder, a symptom of extreme emotions also occurs in ADD.
Children can exhibit emotions of mania at same time with depression. High energy and reduced
sleep are as a result of mixture of bipolar condition and ADD. (Barkley and Murphy, 2005)
Causes of ADD have nothing to do with parenting; parents need not blame themselves when
their children contract the disease. Parents are instead advised to help the children with therapies,
and facilitate the recovery process. Genes may be an avenue for contracting the disease. Children
with ADD are often found to have thinner brain tissue. Sugar or other food additives can trigger
a symptom of the disease. Smoking by pregnant mothers causes this disorder to the unborn child,
exposure of lead from the cigarette. Brain injured before or after birth of a child.
A medical specialist or medical professional should carry proper investigation on a child before
drawing any conclusions. Doctors should also take note of other signs and symptoms occurring
after diagnosis. People are advised to maintain good mental health; this can be achieved when
they avoid strenuous relations with others. Once a proper diagnosis has been made by a doctor,
the parent and child are told how to manage the disease. ADD can be treated with two types of
interventions, they are: psychotherapy and the other medication. Medication helps in improving a
child`s focus. Good skills in social matters are vital for management of the disease. Creation of

Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 5

support groups is another way of managing the illness. ADD does not have a single or particular
mode of intervention a combined approach is prudent. Severity of symptoms is a factor to
consider when diagnosing the disease. Duration or commencement of the disease is another
factor to consider. Knowing the frequency of symptoms can also assist in managing a disease.
Patients need to find good specialists who can ably address their plight. Interventions that can
assist in doing so are: seeking recommendations on best doctors, finding out academic
qualifications of those you seek to engage and also get medical insurance to mitigate costs.
(Barkley and Murphy, 2005)
Children should be helped in the following ways: emotional support, right specialist for child and
being accurate in making evaluations about childs condition. Parents can also play a major role in assisting children, they should give the childs school proper picture of his or her condition.
Make consistent appointments to see a specialist. Reveal true picture of childs condition to medical professionals. Parents in doubt about procedures and guidelines to follow should seek second opinion. Cognition is processing of data mentally. The information may be images or sounds. Symbols or even words may be used to communicate. Mental images have time frames; some may be short term or long term. People with good performance in a cognitive test were deemed to perform well in the others. Above deduction has led a number of experts to conclude that cognitive ability may be measured. Successful intelligence is said to comprise three issues: ability to draw solutions to problems, adaptation a person to new environment and a persons ability to deal with
new scenarios. In concept formation there seems to a need to classify occurrences in the world

Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 6

into notable and meaningful groups. Concept formation has both positive and negative instances.
Conjunctive concept is a class referring to one or more characteristics. Relational concept is used
to refer to how something relates to another. Disjunctive concept refers to objective with either
or characteristics. Emotional barriers may cause one to have great fear especially one of making
a fool of his or herself. Cultural barriers are mentioned as a hindrance to true feelings and regards
humor as absurd. Intelligence has various definitions among them is, having knowledge
concerning a matter. Battles have been drawn between traditions and modern day practices.
Traditions are looked at as barriers as they advocate for the old order of doing things. Barriers
take different forms and shades, for example learned barriers that advocate for modern state of
affairs. Perceptual barriers point towards failure to indicate solutions to problems. Human beings
had been deemed the source of natural intelligence before the coming of machines. Computers
have since changed the intelligence landscape; they have taken role as artificial sources of
intelligence. Big difference lies between cognition and other artificial forms of intelligence.
(Barkley and Murphy, 2005)

Running head:ATTENTION DEFICIENCY DISORDER 7

References
Barkley, R. A., & Murphy, K. R. (2005). Attention-deficit

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